Download E-books How Buddhism Acquired a Soul on the Way to China (Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies Monographs) PDF

By Jungnok Park

How Buddhism bought a Soul so that it will China tells the tale of the unfold of Buddhist non secular pondering and perform from India to China and the way, alongside the way in which, a faith used to be replaced. whereas Indian Buddhists had developed their principles of self by way of empiricism, anti-Brahmanism and analytic reasoning, chinese language Buddhists did so through non-analytic insights, using pre-established epistemology and cosmogony. additionally, many particular Buddhist rules have been remodeled whilst exchanged from an Indian to a chinese language context, usually throughout the paintings of translators concept-matching Buddhist and Daoist phrases.

one of many key alterations was once the chinese language reinterpretation of the concept that of shen - initially an agent of idea which died with the physique - into an everlasting essence of human spirit, a soul. although the thought of an imperishable soul was once later disputed via chinese language Buddhist students the belief of an everlasting agent of notion flourished in China. This ancient research of the concept that of self because it constructed among Indian and chinese language Buddhism can be of curiosity to readers of Buddhist Philosophy in addition to the historical past of Ideas.

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1 eight 8c26, 1 90a14) between candidate texts. As for hunshen, we discover it in T5 (1. 162a15), T185 (3. 475c23, 478b3), T361 ( 1 2. 295c 1 5), T493 (14. 757a14 f. ), T581 (14. 965a20, 966all), T735 ( 17. 536c9 f. ), T790 (1 7. 735b 1 three) between 'authentic' works, and in T6 ( 1 . 1 77a26 ff. ) one of the candidate texts. In T20 (1. 260c14- 15, 262b4), the 4 achievements of practitioners, i. e. , srota-apanna (having entered the stream), sakrdagamin (once extra returning), anagamin (not returning) and arhat (being worthy), are respectively rendered as gougang o�m: stream), pinlai (iti't*: lit. vacationing in repetition), buhuan (/f�: now not returning) and yingzhen (ff! �: worthy-true). between those 4 phrases, the renderings gougang {�m and pinlai �*, particularly the previous, are rare in different translators' works. we will locate gougang in T5 (1. 163b4 ff. ), T87 ( 1 . nine 1 1h26-28), T198 (4. 174c24 ff. ), T225 (8. 482b15 ff. ), T474 (14. 528a17) and T790 (17. 729a10) one of the 'authentic' works, and in T6 ( 1 . 178b25 ff. ) one of the candidate texts. As for the renderings of pancaskandha (the 5 aggregates), the writer of T20 (1. 261c28-29) adopts se (E,: colour), tong (ffi[: pain), xiang (r�: idea), xing (IT: p erformance) and shi (g�: discernment) resp ectively for nApa (form), vedana (feeling), sa111jna (apperception), sa111skara (mental actions) and vijnana (consciousness). one of the 'authentic' works, basically six texts record the total set of 5 aggregates. In 4 of those, i. e. , T225 (8. 479a23 ff. ), T328 (12. 55a5, 60c6), T474 ( 14. 526c25, fifty three 1b7-8) and T533 ( 14. 814b29), Zhi Qian interprets the 5 aggregates as se E" tong ;1;, xiang r�, xing eleven' and shi �, as in T20. In T185 20. The half the place jingshen seems to be is exclusive to T20; it doesn't seem in PA, SAl T1451 or Tl. fifty two How Buddhism bought a Soul (3. 471c7 -8), he interprets the 5 aggregates as sexiang ({sf�: lit. color and form), tongyang (�l*: lit. ache and illness), sixiang (}GI,;fJ( : concept and idea), xingzuo (i'Jft: p erformance and construction) and hunshi (01! �: soul and consciousness); in those renderings, one in every one couple of characters, which i've got underlined, coincides with the renderings of the 5 aggregates in T20. in contrast, in T559, we discover a little diverse renderings: se {S, tongyang 1mw, sixiang )�,;flt, shengsi :'±. 37E and shi � (14. 912a2-7), which take place often in An Shigao's and Lokak�ema's translations. additionally, in T5 ( 1 . 1 63b12-23), T708 (16. eighty one 5c 1 ff. ) between 'authentic' works, and in T6 ( 1 . 178c4-14), T328 (12. 55a5-6) and T511 (14. 779b21-26) between candidate texts, we discover the checklist of the twelvefold established origination, along with 4 of the 5 aggregates . those texts render sarrzskiira, vijiiiina, (niima-) rupa and vedanii respec­ tively as xing i'J, shi �, (ming-Izi-) se ( i-;t,I"¥ ) {S and tong 1m in universal with T20. As for the 10 epithets of the Buddha, i. e. , tathiigata, arhat, samyaksarrzbuddha, vidyiicara1}asampanna, sugata, lokavid, anuttarapuru�, damyasiirathi, siistii devamanu�yiilJiim buddha and bhagavat,21 the author of T20 renders them respectively as rulai tzO*, zhizhen ¥ �, dengzhengjue �IE�, mingxingcheng fj,EJi'JfTx, shandao �ili, shijianjie i:ltFi'l� m, wushangshi �L±, daofayu ili1!

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