Download E-books A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna PDF

By Akira Hirakawa

The current quantity is a translation of the 1st of Hirakawa's two-volume heritage. It
covers the interval from Sakyamuni* Buddha to Early Mahayana* earlier than Nagarjuna*
and contains the sessions on which Hirakawa did so much of his personal previous examine. From
1960 to 1968, he released 3 very important reports on Buddhist associations: Ritsuzo* no
kenkyu* (A learn of the Vinaya-pitaka*), Genshi Bukkyo* no kenkyu (A learn of Early
Buddhism), and Shoki Daijo* Bukkyo no kenkyu (Studies in Early Mahayana Buddhism).
These experiences, all popping out of his curiosity within the vinaya, validated his mastery of
Indian Buddhist institutional background. This study used to be quite very important in his
formulation of a brand new concept of the increase of Mahayana *. via concentrating on the necessity to identify
an institutional base from which Mahayana arose, Hirakawa argued that stupa* worship
and the formula of Mahayana units of precepts supplied vital facts for the
development of Mahayana Buddhism.

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A cco rd in g lo the Pali Vinaya, A n a n d a 's p re c e p to r was once n a m e d B cla^hasfsa, indicating n a n d a ’s p re c e p to r p ro b ab ly was once now not M a h a ok a s y a p a (Vinaya, vol. four, p. &6). W h y M a h a ok a s y a p a was once indexed eis A n a n d a ’s p recep to r m u st be COJV sidercd extra. A fter the B u d d h a 's loss of life M a h a ok a s y a p a was once p ro b ab ly the B u d d h a's m ost pow erful disciple. Mahakasyapa presided o v e r the 1st C o un cil M o reo v er, a n u m b e r o f tales within the Agamas d e m o n stra te ihe admire lie identification for M a h a okay a sy a p a . For ex am p le, in a single tale the B u d d h a shared his seat w ith MahE~tka£yapa a n d then h a d trace hold forth. In a n o th e r tale, the B uddha ex ch an g ed Ins ta tte re d gowns for M a h a ok a s y a p a 's huge h e m ­ pen gown (sanghati). due to the fact that S a r ip u lr a a n d M a u d ^ a ly a y a n a It advert prede- ceased (he B u d d h a , M ah ak aS y ap a w as rccognizcd by way of ev eryo ne because the so much influem ial determine in ihe B uddhist o rd er after the B u d d h a ’s d e a th . C o n sequently, later, w rooster these in A n a n d a 's lineage traced t h r i r sp irit' ual ancestry, th ey didn't m entio n A n a n d a s real p re c e p to r for the reason that he used to be alm ost com pletely u n okay n o w n an d did not anything to b o lster A n a n d a hs au thorit y. 1n s te a d , t hi there devi sed a le g en d in w h ich M ah jitc a syap a bestow ed the leach ing on A n a n d a . O n e n f the m ajo r objections to the (radLtioh that M a h a ok a s y a p a was once An an d a ’s p re c e p to r is th at m a n y legends suggesting that severe discord existed b etw een M ah afcaiy ap a a n d A n a n d a a re fo u n d in m e Agamas an d vinayas. F o r examination ple* accord ing to the c h a p te r at the First C o u n cil within the Vinaya, a fter the 1st C o u n cil, M a h a ok a s y a p a defined a number of s e ri­ o u s erro rs m advert e through A n a n d a a n d urg ed A n a n d a to admit them . O th e r tales problem feedback s n a n d a ’s fans m a d e opposed to M a h a ­ kasyapa w rooster he used to be older. M a h a ok a s y a p a w as influential im m e d ia te ly after the B u d d h a 's d e a ih , bur Eater A n a n d a 's fans won in s tre n g th till they b ecam e the stro ng er faciion. A n a n d a h a d m a n y robust connections with ihe o rd e rs within the west. In m a n y episodes in ihe Agamas, he's defined as staying anti p achieve in g to humans at ihe G h o s ita r a m a in ok a u sa m b I, within the w estern half o f e e n ’ tral India,® due to the fact A n a n d a loved to proselytize within the west, he p ro b ab ly h a d m a n y discipics there. W h e n a c o m m itte e o f 8 m on ks was once selected to enquire ihe poinls at factor at (he S eco n d C o u n cil, six o f (he 8 w ere An a n d a 1s disciples. simply because A n a n d a h a d lived lon ger (Han such a lot of (he H uddha'? o th er im m e d ia te disciples, his disciples w ere a m o n g the eldest m e m b e rs o f the o r d e r a p p ro x im a te ly one cen tu ry after rhe B u d ­ d h a ’s d e a th .

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